Gerund Phrase Konu Anlatımı

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“Gerund”, bir fiilin köküne -ing getirilerek oluşturulan ve isim görevi gören fiildir ve Türkçe’de karşılığı fiildir.

Biting nails is a bad habit.

Jeremain likes playing piano more than anyone else.

Being trust-worthy is highly important these days.

In noun compounds Dancing shoes / Horse riding / Chewing gum
As the subject of a clause Climbing Himalayas is the most exciting experience I have ever had.
As the subject complement My brother’s biggest hobby is building car in his garage.
After certain verbs (As direct object) Many people hate being criticized.
After prepositions I am against using cigarettes, especially in interiors.
After verbs with prepositions If you carry on exercising, you will get fit in a month or so.
After adjectives with prepositions He is sorry about cheating in the exam.
After nouns with prepositions She has a fear of being in the full dark.

Gerunds with some common phrases

  • go + V-ing

Go + swimming / jogging / fishing / hunting / running / sightseeing / skiing / skating / dancing / camping

Why don’t we go camping tomorrow?

  • by + V-ing

You can stay up late by drinking coffee.

  • without + V-ing

You can live without eating anything for several weeks, but you can survive only a few days without drinking water.

  • spend / waste + something + V-ing

You should not waste your time playing on the computer.

I spend most of my time working.

Do not waste your energy trying to fix this tap; I have called the plumber.

  • sit / stand / lie + somewhere + V-ing

He lay on the beach dreaming.

Achille was sitting in the balcony waiting for his son.

  • It is/was + a waste of time / energy / money + V-ing

It is a waste of energy teaching her maths; she doesn’t understand anything.

It was a waste of time watching this film. It was very boring.

  • Subject + be + (not) worth + V-ing

This derby is worth watching.

This old car is not worth spending so much money; you can not even start the engine.

  • It is/was no good / It is/was no use + V-ing

It is no good apologizing now.

It was no use trying to open the door; it was stuck.

  • There is no point (in) + V-ing

There is no point in calling her again and again as she will not answer the phone.

  • busy + V-ing

I can not do your hair, for I am busy washing the dishes.

  • have a good time / nice time / hard time / trouble / fun / difficulty + V-ing

We used to have a wonderful time playing in our tree house when we were kids.

Some people have difficulty adapting themselves to work after a long relaxing holiday.

  • can not help / could not help / V-ing

As the film was extremely boring, she could not help sleeping. (Uyumaktan kendini alamamak)

  • Feel like + V-ing

Yesterday I ate chicken, so I do not eating chicken today.

  • What about / How about + V-ing?

What about going to Rio next summer?

  • can not stand / can not bear + V-ing

I can not stand dealing with irresponsible people.

My father can not bear listening to rap music.

  • instead of + V-ing

I wish I were lying on the beach instead of listening to this boring lecture.

İngilizce’de kendinden sonra “gerund” kullanılan belli başlı fiiller vardır. Bunlar:

Admit (to) The students admitted cheating in the exam.
Adore My grandfather adores listening the sound of the waves.
Anticipate Molly anticipates getting a promotion.
Appreciate I appreciate your keeping silent.
Avoid You should avoid drinking too much coffee.
Complete My mother completed reading “Şu Çılgın Türkler” in 3 days.
Consider I sometimes consider living abroad.
Delay The boss delayed giving us a pay rise.
Deny The woman denies committing the crime.
Detest My sister detests watching documentaries.
Discuss They discussed moving to a larger office.
Dislike Many people dislike being stared at.
Enjoy Did you enjoy spending time with your cousins?
Endure I can not endure his complaining all the time.
Envisage It is hard to envisage working as the CEO of a company.
Fancy Kirsten does not fancy going to crowded parties.
Finish The gardener has not finished cutting the grass yet.
Give up You should give up consuming sweet and fatty foods.
Hate Marla hates eating meat.
Imagine Can you imagine driving an F1 car?
Include This job inclued being very careful and alert.
Involve Trading involves risk taking.
Justify How did Brandon justify his being innocent?
Keep Why do you keep doing the same mistakes over and over again?
Mention Do not mention going to that resturant again.
Mind My friend never minds working in a noisy environment.
Postpone You had better not postpone replying in a noisty environment.
Practise You need to practise cooking every day.
Quit Mason will quit smoking in a month, I believe that.
Remember You need to remember calling your coach tomorrow.
Recall / recollect Do you recall listening to this song when we were kids?
Recommend I can easily recommed watching this YouTube channel about cars.
Report I reported cheating someone in game whenever I saw it.
Resent My girlfriend resent calling her like that.
Resist I still resist using this phone even after 6 years.
Risk You risk losing your job or you will never up a stage in your life.
Suggest Carla suggests drinking 2 liters of water every day.
Tolerate My grandparent can not tolerate high volume since they are old.

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