“Gerund”, bir fiilin köküne -ing getirilerek oluşturulan ve isim görevi gören fiildir ve Türkçe’de karşılığı fiildir.
Biting nails is a bad habit.
Jeremain likes playing piano more than anyone else.
Being trust-worthy is highly important these days.
|USE OF GERUNDS|
|In noun compounds||Dancing shoes / Horse riding / Chewing gum|
|As the subject of a clause||Climbing Himalayas is the most exciting experience I have ever had.|
|As the subject complement||My brother’s biggest hobby is building car in his garage.|
|After certain verbs (As direct object)||Many people hate being criticized.|
|After prepositions||I am against using cigarettes, especially in interiors.|
|After verbs with prepositions||If you carry on exercising, you will get fit in a month or so.|
|After adjectives with prepositions||He is sorry about cheating in the exam.|
|After nouns with prepositions||She has a fear of being in the full dark.|
Gerunds with some common phrases
- go + V-ing
Go + swimming / jogging / fishing / hunting / running / sightseeing / skiing / skating / dancing / camping
Why don’t we go camping tomorrow?
- by + V-ing
You can stay up late by drinking coffee.
- without + V-ing
You can live without eating anything for several weeks, but you can survive only a few days without drinking water.
- spend / waste + something + V-ing
You should not waste your time playing on the computer.
I spend most of my time working.
Do not waste your energy trying to fix this tap; I have called the plumber.
- sit / stand / lie + somewhere + V-ing
He lay on the beach dreaming.
Achille was sitting in the balcony waiting for his son.
- It is/was + a waste of time / energy / money + V-ing
It is a waste of energy teaching her maths; she doesn’t understand anything.
It was a waste of time watching this film. It was very boring.
- Subject + be + (not) worth + V-ing
This derby is worth watching.
This old car is not worth spending so much money; you can not even start the engine.
- It is/was no good / It is/was no use + V-ing
It is no good apologizing now.
It was no use trying to open the door; it was stuck.
- There is no point (in) + V-ing
There is no point in calling her again and again as she will not answer the phone.
- busy + V-ing
I can not do your hair, for I am busy washing the dishes.
- have a good time / nice time / hard time / trouble / fun / difficulty + V-ing
We used to have a wonderful time playing in our tree house when we were kids.
Some people have difficulty adapting themselves to work after a long relaxing holiday.
- can not help / could not help / V-ing
As the film was extremely boring, she could not help sleeping. (Uyumaktan kendini alamamak)
- Feel like + V-ing
Yesterday I ate chicken, so I do not eating chicken today.
- What about / How about + V-ing?
What about going to Rio next summer?
- can not stand / can not bear + V-ing
I can not stand dealing with irresponsible people.
My father can not bear listening to rap music.
- instead of + V-ing
I wish I were lying on the beach instead of listening to this boring lecture.
İngilizce’de kendinden sonra “gerund” kullanılan belli başlı fiiller vardır. Bunlar:
|VERB + GERUND|
|Admit (to)||The students admitted cheating in the exam.|
|Adore||My grandfather adores listening the sound of the waves.|
|Anticipate||Molly anticipates getting a promotion.|
|Appreciate||I appreciate your keeping silent.|
|Avoid||You should avoid drinking too much coffee.|
|Complete||My mother completed reading “Şu Çılgın Türkler” in 3 days.|
|Consider||I sometimes consider living abroad.|
|Delay||The boss delayed giving us a pay rise.|
|Deny||The woman denies committing the crime.|
|Detest||My sister detests watching documentaries.|
|Discuss||They discussed moving to a larger office.|
|Dislike||Many people dislike being stared at.|
|Enjoy||Did you enjoy spending time with your cousins?|
|Endure||I can not endure his complaining all the time.|
|Envisage||It is hard to envisage working as the CEO of a company.|
|Fancy||Kirsten does not fancy going to crowded parties.|
|Finish||The gardener has not finished cutting the grass yet.|
|Give up||You should give up consuming sweet and fatty foods.|
|Hate||Marla hates eating meat.|
|Imagine||Can you imagine driving an F1 car?|
|Include||This job inclued being very careful and alert.|
|Involve||Trading involves risk taking.|
|Justify||How did Brandon justify his being innocent?|
|Keep||Why do you keep doing the same mistakes over and over again?|
|Mention||Do not mention going to that resturant again.|
|Mind||My friend never minds working in a noisy environment.|
|Postpone||You had better not postpone replying in a noisty environment.|
|Practise||You need to practise cooking every day.|
|Quit||Mason will quit smoking in a month, I believe that.|
|Remember||You need to remember calling your coach tomorrow.|
|Recall / recollect||Do you recall listening to this song when we were kids?|
|Recommend||I can easily recommed watching this YouTube channel about cars.|
|Report||I reported cheating someone in game whenever I saw it.|
|Resent||My girlfriend resent calling her like that.|
|Resist||I still resist using this phone even after 6 years.|
|Risk||You risk losing your job or you will never up a stage in your life.|
|Suggest||Carla suggests drinking 2 liters of water every day.|
|Tolerate||My grandparent can not tolerate high volume since they are old.|