İngilizce Politika Terimleri

Politika karmaşık bir konudur, ancak sıklıkla tartışılan bir konudur. Bu nedenle, İngilizce konuştuğunuzda daha güvenli hissetmek için siyasetle ilgili bazı temel terimleri öğrenmek faydalı olacaktır. Bunlardan önemli ve temel olduğunu düşündüklerimiz aşağıdaki gibidir:


  • Citizen (Vatandaş)

I’m not a citizen of the county, so I can’t vote for you. 

John received an award for being a good citizen after he cleaned up the trash in the park.

  • Candidate (Aday)

Tom and Mary are planning to vote for the same candidate.

The Republican candidate won the election.

  •  Government (Devlet)

I don’t agree with the government’s policy on education.

Tom owes the government a lot of money in taxes.

  • Separation of Powers (Güçler Ayrılığı)

The separation of powers and judicial review are two mechanisms to ensure government responsibility.

  • Legislature (Yasama Organı)

Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

  • Coalition (Koalisyon)

They are working to form a coalition government.

  • Majority/Minority (Çoğunluk/Azınlık)

They have taken 18 seats, and we have accepted 16 as the leading minority party.

  • Congress (Meclis Oturumu) 

After much debate, Congress passed the bill.

  • Debate (Müzakere)

There is growing debate over religion in schools.

The congressional debate is on TV.

  • Parliament (Meclis)

Two members of the parliament were removed from office.

The issue was debated in Parliament.

  • Congressman (Milletvekili)

Congressman Tom Downey is a Democrat from New York.

  • Ballot (Oy)

The party leader is elected by a secret ballot.

We have to count all of the ballots.

  • Constitution (Anayasa)

Britain has an unwritten constitution, and the United States has a written constitution.

There have been major changes in the constitution, but the system remains democratic.

  • Policy (Politika)

What is the Labour Party’s policy on immigration?

The government has dismissed criticisms that the country’s health policy is a mess.

  • Council (Meclis)

The party is expecting to gain control of the council in the next election.

The UN Security Council may impose economic sanctions.

  • Proposal (Yasa tasarısı)

Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council have a veto over any proposal.

This proposal is a political time bomb that could cost the government the next election.

  • Public Opinion (Kamuoyu)

Public opinion can force the government into action.

As a politician, he knows how to manipulate public opinion.

  • Poll (Kamuoyu araştırması)

The poll showed that 80% of the population supported regional self-government.

Nearly three-quarters of people questioned in an opinion poll agreed with the government’s decision.

  • Campaign/Political Campaign (Seçim Kampanyası)

The government is running a campaign to try to convince teenagers not to start smoking.

The election campaign began today with a speech promising to restore the public’s trust in government.

The Liberal Party’s campaign has been quite unsuccessful so far.

  • Dictatorship (Diktatörlük)

The dictatorship of General Franco lasted for nearly 40 years.

The country suffered for many years under his dictatorship. His enemies accused him of establishing a dictatorship.

  • Coup/Coup d’etat (Darbe)

Shortly after the coup d’etat that brought Qaddafi to power, he ordered all Italians to leave Libyan territory.

  • Election (Seçim)

CNN televised the presidential election to the world.

The party is expecting to gain control of the council in the next election.

  • Electorate (Seçmen kitlesi)

According to the radio, the British electorate are going to vote tomorrow.

The present voting system distorts the wishes of the electorate.

  • Nominee (Aday)

He may not be the presidential nominee, but, for practical political purposes, he might as well be.

  • Opposition (Muhalefet)

A strong opposition is vital to a healthy democracy.

There is growing opposition to the latest proposals.

  • Head of State (Devlet Başkanı)

Under the current system, the President was both Head of State and Head of Government.

The move is clearly intended to strengthen the President’s position as head of state.

  • Prime Minister (Başbakan)

The Prime Minister rejected any idea of reforming the system.

The prime minister rejected any idea of reforming the system.

  • Right-wing/Left-wing (Sağ görüş/Sol görüş)

The National Front is an extremely right-wing political party in Britain.

Her views are fairly left-wing.

  • Conservative (Muhafazakar)

The Conservative party was in opposition for the first time in years.

His views lack consistency: one day he’s a conservative, the next he’s a liberal.

  • Democrats (Demokratlar)

The Democrats will probably lose control of Congress.

The Democrats rejected the referendum proposal.

  • Republican (Cumhuriyetçi)

There was a fall in support for the Republican party at the last election.

Who will get the Republican nomination for president?


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