Nevşehir’s surface are: 5.467 km²
Nevşehir’s population: 282.337
Nevşehir’s districts: Acıgöl, Avanos, Derinkuyu, Gülşehir, Hacıbektaş, Kozaklı, Merkez, Ürgüp,
Nevşehir, a city in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey with around 290.000 population, has ben formed of different amazing natural events in many years. First thing first, Cappadocia comes to mind when someone says Nevşehir. With around 2 million tourist visitngs each year, Nevşehir is one of the most popular cities among tourists in Turkey. It includes world-wide famous Fairy Chimneys among with many other visiting point which makes the city very attractive. Nevşehir takes attention with its historical artifacts that has important culturel meanings, because there were many different civilizations founded in today’s city boundaries throughout the history.
When we look briefly at the history of the city, you can see many artifacts buit around B.C. 7000, which belongs to Neolithic Age. About B.C. 1200, when Nevşehir was under the rule of Hittites, the city was invaded and attacked by Scythians and many other nomad tribes. In B.C. 680, Assyrians took the control of the city and later on in the year 610, Persians invaded Nevşehir. After Byzantine and Sassanian times, Seljuq Dynasty reigned until 1097, when Crusaders took the city. Lastly, Ottoman Empire took the control in Nevşehir. The City looks like an open air museum since all these civilizations left traces, treasures and artifacts behind them. Nevşehir, today, is opening its gates to the world also with its many natural beauties and developing its tourism and gets more attention day by day. World-wide famous Cappadocia Cave Hotels hosts thousands of local and foreign tourists every year.
Places to Visit in Cappadocia
In Cappadocia, which in Persian means “country of beautiful horses” and where perfect balloon tours are organized, there are many places to visit during your holiday.
Nevşehir, where history and nature meets and which is one of the most important places in the world, consists of Cappadocia, Ihlara, Ürgüp, Uçhisar, Avanos, Gçreme, Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı. The city became an important point for Christianity once it was a home for Hittites. Cappadocian houses and churchs, which were carved in rocks, has been used as bunkers because of Roman forces. Fairy Chimneys are among the most popular touristic places in Turkey and the world. Millions of years ago, when this area was a landlock sea, volcanos of Erciyes, Hasan and Gülladağ Mountains dried the sea in many centuries of fighting.
Fairy Chimneys that were formed with these lava droppings, shaped in an amazing natural artifact thanks to water flowing nearby and winds in thousands of years. These artifacts can bee seen best in Göreme, Uçhisar, Çavuşin, Gülledere, Meskendir, Ortahisar, Kızılçukur and Pancarlı valleys. By benefitting from these artifacts, people carved rocks and built bunkers, houses, churchs and hotels and all of these can be observed perfectly during the best activity in Cappadocia, hot balloon tour.
Cappadocia Area is also preferred as a location for movies and series known world wide. Daily tours are also organized from different cities all over the year. Cappadocia is among UNESCO World Cultural Legacy list, which includes Cumalıkızık Village, Nemrut Mountain, Troy Ancient City, Letoon Ancient City, Hattuşaş Ancient City, Pamukkale, Bergama Ancient City, Göbekli Tepe, Ephessus Ancient City from Turkey.
Göreme District includes historical places like Üç Haçlı Church, Ayvalı Church, El Nazar Church, Sarnıç Church, Görkündere Church, Saklı Church. Besides, Göreme makes difference with its some other natural beauties like Love Valley, Güvercinlik Valley, Zemi Valley and Gülledere Valley. With only 14 km distance to the Nevşehir center, Göreme is definitely the best district of Cappadocia.
It is one other very important place of Cappadocia Area and it is only 20 km away from Nevşehir center. The district once was an important religious center for Byzantines, which witnessed Byzantine Empire, Seljuq Dynasty and Ottoman Empire along centuries. It is an important visiting point for tourists with its magnificent natural views, churchs and shrines. Also, Ürgüp Pink Valley, which is on the road of Ürgüp-Avanos, is the best place for sighseeing for visitors especially in sunset. As well as the view, you can also witness a great show of hot balloons in the sky. It is a good alternative for places to visit in Nevşehir.
Avanos, which includes Devrent Valley, Paşabağ Rahipler Valley, Çavuşin Village as well as world’s the one and only underground muesum, Güray Museum, is just another important visiting point for tourists.
In Uçhisar, Cappadocia’s highest point, you will get the chance see Göreme’s valleys, Avanos, Nevşehir and Erciyes without getting a ticket for Cappadocia hot air balloon tours. With its historical Uçhisar Castle, it is among the most visited places of Cappadocia.
Being a mirror from past to present with its finely-crafted depictions and products, it is the largest rock church in the area. Thanks to its exciting architecture and a thousand year old history, it can easily be listed as a must-visit place in Cappadocia. It reveals the history of Nevşehir.
Mustafa Paşa Village
It is an old village which belongs to Greeks in origin and named Sinasos in antique ages. Being 6 km away from Ürgüp and 25 km away from Nevşehir, Mustafa Paşa Village is one of the best examples of stone masonry which turned to be an artistic architecture in the world. Sinasos architects which came from Syria and Mardin of Turkey, made an extraordinary work by building this village. Obviously, Mustafa Paşa Village is the best place the observe the Cappadocia’s genel structure and history. Everyone must spend time as much as they spend in Ürgüp, Göreme, Uçhisar and Avanos. In the village, there are many important historical structures such as St. Nicholas Monastery, Constantin Helena Church, St. Vasilios Church and Secret Valley. It is a highly suggested place in Cappadocia tour.
Hallaç Monastry has been used as a center for monks where they prayed and lived 900 years ago, which made out of carving the rocks. You can take many beautiful and aesthetic photos during your Hallaç Monastery visit.
It is an ideal stop where you can observe the awesome Ürgüp view like a painting. You can drink your traditional Turkish tea or coffee while having a rest in your trip.
Tatların Yeraltı Şehri
When founded at the end of very careful and nice works in 1991, this underground city has opened its gates to the visitors. The area, which many historical artifacts has been found, is visited by especially foreign tourists every year.
Would you like to see a spectecular sunset? It serves you such a beautiful sunset that you have never witnessed before. This place is also another must-visit places in Cappadocia.
Göreme Love Valley
Göreme Love Valley, which is about 5 km in lenght, offers you a nice walking while observing many endemic plants and artifacts that history of Cappadocia has left.
If you want to go on a short trip in history, you can see and feel smell of history while watching antique paintings made on church’s walls.
Ihlara Valley is one of the best places in the whole Cappadocia area with its amazing natural and beautiful atmosphere and trees that reach up to sky. Serving the best colors of the nature which looks like postcards, it a spectecular beauty when it meets with Melendiz River. A detailed plan welcomes you in the beginning, before you enter the valley which has a long walking track. You will be surprised so much if you have never heard of any when you see the churchs in the valley. Only a few of them are visitable right now even though there are more than a hundred churchs. It should be somewhere at the top of the list in your Cappadocia holiday.
Paşabağ Rahipler Valley
It is one of the most charming areas in Cappadocia. It’s like time has stopped in the valley. Paşabağ Rahipler Valley is on the Avanos – Göreme road and in a very close location to Cappadocia Zelve Valley. It is a place where you can observe small and big, many different Fairy Chimneys which seems to look like a gift of universe. The valley used as a retirement area for priests which they carved rooms for themselves in the rocks.
Zelve Ören Yeri
Zelve Ören Yeri is one of the most remarkable places in Nevşehir which is formed 3 different valleys. There are many Fairy Chimneys and it is only 5 km away from Avanos. The are especially became a so important living and religious center for Christians in 9th and 13th centuries.
Transportation to Cappadocia
Transportation is very easy from all over the world to Cappadocia, which is one of the best touristic places in Turkey. For airport transportation, Nevşehir Airport or Kayseri Airport can be preferred. Nearest airport to Cappadocia is Kayseri Airport. For highway transportation, you can use many different bus services from cities like İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Bursa and Antalya. With your own car, you can follow Kayseri, Aksaray, Kırşehir, Konya, Niğde and Sivas routes and reach Cappadocia and Nevşehir easily.
Accommodation in Cappadocia
Cappadocia Area that hosts 2 million people every year in average, is famous with its cave hotels. It will make difference to stay in caves which were transformed into hotels to prevent the historical pattern of the area.