Ordu’s surface are: 6.001 km²
Ordu’s population: 754.198
Ordu’s districts: Altınordu, Ünye, Fatsa, Perşembe, Kumru, Korgan, Gölköy, Akkuş, Aybastı, Ulubey, Mesudiye, İkizce, Gürgentepe, Çatalpınar, Çaybaşı, Kabataş, Çamaş, Gülyalı, Kabadüz
Ordu is 30th most crowded city in Turkey, which is located in the mid-east part of the Black Sea Region. The city has many natural beauties along with historical artifacts. Even though Ordu is 57th biggest city in Turkey, it is 3rd biggest one in its own region. Ordu has 19 districts as listed above, including the famous Ünye and Fatsa. Altınourdu district is considered as the heart of the city.
The history of Ordu
The very first known settlement has been made in Ordu is in BC 7th century. Bozukkale, which is 7 km away from the city center, is the first residential area ever been made in Ordu. Its former name is Kotyora, meaning Kut Region. From BC 675, the city has been captured and invaded by Cimmerians, Milettians, Persians and Macedonians. When Macedonian king Alexander The Great captured Ordu and exiled Persians from the city borders, Pontus State captured the Black Sea coasts. Even though Roman Empire extinguished Pontus State in the BC 1st century, the area left for the Byzantines when Roman Empire splitted. In 1071, when Turks came to Anatolia and defeated Byzantines, the are was taken by the Turks. In 1461, Mehmet The Conquerer conquered Trabzon Pontus State and took the lands forever. There are many different claims about where the name Ordu came from. And of them is that when 12 thousand warriors gathered to conquer Ordu in 1396, people began to call the city as Ordu, which means “Army”.
The economy of Ordu
Ordu’s economy is mostly based on agriculture. Nearly 80% of the population deals with agriculture. Even though is doesn’t have too many areas to make agriculture, hazelnut cultivation is very popular in the brows of the mountains since Ordu gets too much rain throughout the year. Ordu meets 50% of the hazelnut need of Turkey every year. It is the most important daily bread of Ordu. There is also potato, corn, beans, soy, barley and wheat is being produced in Ordu. In the higher areas of the mountains, people use to make husbandry because there are many fertile tabelands.
Ordu is famous with its chestnut honey. People who live in the coast side mostly depend on fishing. Hamsi is the most famous fish in Ordu. Almost half of the city is covered with forest, including beech, oak, hornbeam, alder and fir trees. The industry is not developed too much because there is no mine in Ordu. Most of the factories process hazelnut.
Places to visit in Ordu
It is an ideal point if you want to see the panoramic view of Ordu. It provides scenes from both sea side and the inner parts of the city. There is a lift line to reach Boztepe from the city center since 5 years. You can reach Boztepe in 6 beautiful minutes and can spend some good time in cafes and restaurants around here. You can also use land route to visit Boztepe easily. But it is highly advised to use lift if you want to make a visit. Boztepe is one of the most important places to see in Ordu.
It is one of the most beutiful coasts in Turkey, where the heart of the city beats through the coast in which the blue sea shines. You can make a coast tour by walking while witnessing the glorious view of the mountains.
Being only 10 minute away from the center of Ordu, Yason Peninsula is important as being a natural harbour. In the 2nd century, a Greek ship thrown away because of vicious waters of Black Sea, the crew landed in this area later and built a church. Some scientists made research in this location centuries later and found the ruins of the ship under the water. Yason Peninsula is a very important place to visit in Ordu with its some extraordinary stories.
This historical building, which belongs to the Pontus Greek Empire, is located in Ordu’s Fatsa district. While you can visit Bolaman’s historial places, you can also try different meals from Bolaman cousine. It is one of the most important places for Ordu’s history, which witnessed the history of the city.
Osman Pasha Fountain
It was built by Trabzon governor Hazinedarzade Osman Pasha in 1842. Although it was demolished in 1937, a businessman Fahri Çelebi made it built again true to the original building in 1997. The fountain is famous with being the tallest fountain in Turkey.
It is a protected area by the state, since the endangered Cormorant birds nest only in this place. The island is also among the only two islands in the whole Black Sea. It is Ordu’s one of the most beautiful natural areas. One should visit the island if s/he comes to Ordu.
Çambaşı Plateau which was announced as Plateau Tourism Center by Tourism Ministry in 1991, is the biggest plateau of Turkey. It is an enormous travel point in which your soul will freshen up with its ice-cold rivers and which you will enter to a whole better atmosphere with its oxygen-tank- like air and height that you can touch the clouds. Especially in the summers, different festivals and feasts are organized in the plateau every year. It definitely deserves a visit if you visit Ordu.
Paşaoğlu Mansion and Etnography Museum
Paşaoğlu Mansion, which was built in 1896 is among the best-built architectures in Ordu, which represents the Ottomans last period architectural understanding very well with its finely detailed work. It serves as museum today which includes many important artifacts that has cultural importance for the history of Ordu and Turkey. You can see and understand the history of Ordu city in the museum.
The castle, which is located in the woods that look like a beautiful painting is the only are that has never been captured or invaded in the history. Gölköy Castle is a 3rd century building and it keeps its originality since then. It is one of the most visited places by native and foreign visitors. It is also highly suggested to visit to know and learn Ordu’s history more.
Gaga Lake, which belongs to Fatsa district of Ordu has a rich flora and keeps many different bird species. That’s why it is an important visiting location with its pure natural look and feel. It serves a nice panorama of the natural beauty of the city of Ordu.
Asarkaya National Park
Being in the Ünye district of Ordu, also is another protected area thanks to its amazing nature. There are many different tracks for trekking and you can discover many different plant species. It is highly visited by foreign tourists.
The area is located in the center of Ordu, which has an untouched, pure atmosphere. Having around 60 km trekking parkour, it is the best place for people who are explorer-spirited nature lovers. Even though you don’t complete the parkour, it is an ideal spot for a nature walking. It is a must-visit place for Ordu.
What to eat in Ordu?
Just like all in the Black Sea coast, Ordu is of the best places to eat delicious fish. There are some traditional food for Ordu, and some of are: Pancar çorbası, pancar sarması, Melocan kavurması, Sakarca mıhlaması, Galdirik kavurması, keşkek, mantar kavurması, mısır ekmeği, turşu kavurmaları, su böreği, hamsi tava, hamsi buğulama, hamsili içli tava and other fish kinds. Also in Ünye’s Çakırtepe quarter, you can try traditional pide.
Culture and art in Ordu
There are many theater and cinema saloons in the city and regular cultural events are being organized. Even though Ordu is considered as a Mid and East Black Sea city, it carries the East Black Sea culture for the most. Türkmen and Çepni cultures are popular and dominant in Ordu.
Ordu shows resemblance with neighbour cities in terms of folk music and play. Bağlama, kemençe and drum-clarion (“Gırnata” in the regional phrase) are among the most used instruments and horon is the most popular play.
Ordu also has a distinctive dialect. It is considered as Trabzon-Rize dialect for the most time but it is a completely different dialect belongs to Ordu-Giresun region.