Osmaniye’s surface are: 774 km²
Osmaniye’s population: 534.435
Osmaniye’s districts: Bahçe, Düziçi, Hasanbeyli, Kadirli, Sumbas, Toprakkale
Osmaniye is the 80th city of Turkey. It is one of the oldest residential areas in the region, simply because it is in the Ceyhan River Basin that many empires have reigned since BC 3000. Osmaniye is located in the east of the Çukurova’s fertile lands.
The history Osmaniye
Çukurova has been home for many different civilizations since the first ages. Being available for settling thanks to its geographical and strategic location, Osmaniye is like the entry gate of Eastern Anatolia. It also adds importance to the region since Silk Road passes from the area. Osmaniye is on the route for connection with Middle Eastern countries. Especially tribes who live by pirating settled on top of the Nur Mountains. These pirates used to rob merchant ships that came to the Mediterranean Sea and Isos Harbour.
The first invasions to Anaolia by Turks have been made during Harun Rashid who was an Abbasian Khalifa. By gathering an army of Turks, Harun Rashid made the Anatolia campaigns to them. There is still a castle in the region named Harun Rashid Castle in the district of Düziçi, formerly known as Haruniye. The Turks who came to Anatolia realized the fact that Anatolia looks like their motherland, Middle Asia. Then they started discovering their new home.
After 1071 Malazgirt victory, Turks started to spread all over the Anatolia. In 1082 and 1083, Ulaşlı tribe decided that the region around Nur Mountains is the best place to settle and live.
The tribe who settled in Osmaniye’s Haraz region used to make husbandry. Moving between plateau and barracks constantly, they started using Nur Mounains as plateau.
In 1517, a very important trading route occurred in which it passed from Silk Road. Famous traveler Evliya Çelebi calls this region as Kınık city. During the Ottoman Empire reign, rebellions affected the Ulaşlı tribe who live in the Nur Mountains as well. They had to leave the mountains and this resulted in the foundation of the city Osmaniye.
The economy of Osmaniye
Being in the middle of the intersection between Europe and the Middle East and bein in an energy intersection point that electricity, natural gas and petrol pipelines created in the East Mediterranean, made the city important in the latest years. In parallel to this fact, the center population of the city exceeded 200.000 and still more than half of the city population lives in the central district. Osmaniye Organized Industry Area which started to work in recent times and with about 100 factories and more than 10.000 workers, has an important role in city’s economy.
With starting to work, a private sector factory of Iron-Steel began to produce flat product, steel and steel pipe (especially natural gas installation pipes) which ended up making more than 1 billion dollars of export along with the need of Turkey itself, Osmaniye Organized Industry Area hecame the shining star of Mediterranean. The population of the village that was founded inside the industry area raised from 970 to 2.335 in a single year. Unemployment problem disappear thanks to this small industrial revolution in Osmaniye.
Places to visit in Osmaniye
Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park
It is located in Kadirli district, near Ceyhan River. It consists of a big natural area and has a rich flora. One can make trekking, camping and picnic in the park which became under protection in 1958. In summer, the park becomes so crowded by both people of Osmaniye and foreign visitors. People who want to make camping mostly choose Aslantaş Dam Lake’s opposite side. Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park is the second biggest park in Turkey. Many endangered species have been saved thanks to making the park under protection. Tree species like Aleppo Pine and Dward Oak are also very rare and being protected in the park. There is a museum which is the first open air museum in Turkey and it is located in the park itself.
Consisting of Roman, Byzantian and Turkish civilizations’ features, the mosque is located in the center of Kadirli district. It was first built by Romans as a monastery in the 2nd century. An additional church also built in the 5th century to the monastery. The Dulkadiroğlu Principaliy leader Kasım Bey transformed the church into a mosque for the name of his father and named it Alaüddevle Mosque. It served as a mosque between 1865 and 1921 and being 4.401 m2 in size, its ownership has been given to the Turkish Republic.
It was built by Harun Rashid in 785-786 and is located in Dumanlı Plateau, Düziçi district. It has an important state among Arabian castles being built on top of the Nur Mountains. Since its strategic location was important for the time, it was captured by many different empires and states in centuries. Until 2010, it was mostly a ruin but after a restoration project, the castle revired and ready to serve as a historical artifact.
Kastabala-Hierapolis Ancient City
Located in the 12 km northwest of Osmaniye, the city is in a dominating situation to a small plain near Ceyhan River. Archeological discoveries suggest that the city was built around BC 2000, under the reign of Roman Empire. It has a big importance of understaning Roman city planning, since the Kastabaşa-Hierapolis Ancient City has a good urban planning surrounded with city walls. Inside the city, there is a theathre, a Turkish bath, shops and churcs. With its castle, it is convenient for protection.
Kırmıtlı Bird Paradise
The area that is located in Cevdetiye district of Osmaniye, is known as Kırmıtlı Bird Paradise. It is almost in the center of the city. The area is very convenient for birds since it has small lakes and many trees in different species. Furthermore, the area is on the birds migration routes. There are almost 200 different species which some of are endangered, including night heron, pied kingfisher, İzmir kingfisher, egret, cattle heron, little bittern, spurred lapwing, red-backed shrike, black-headed bunting, black-headed gull, Arab nighingale and red falcon.
It is located in Alibeyli district. Bein 20 km away from Kadirli district, the Şarlak Waterfall looks like a smaller version of Manavgat Waterfall. It is about 25 meters long and 5 meters high. Since there is no social facility anywhere near the waterfall, it is very popular for picnic. The waterfall also houses ruins of an ancient watermill, which is under protection. Being covered in scrub forest, the waterfall has an amazing refreshing atmosphere.
Osmaniye Thermal Springs
Located in the piedmonts of Düdül Mountain and 15 kilometers north of Düziçi district, besides the features of water, Osmaniye Thermal Springs are famous for its clean fresh air and outstanding view. It is 57 kilometers away from Osmaniye and 143 kilometers away from Adana. Water is 32 °C in everday of the year. It also has a radioactive features, which consists of calsium, magnesium, sulfur. It is believed that the water is healthy for rheumatic diseases.
What to eat in Osmaniye?
Etli köbe, bazlama, Osmaniye simidi, Tutmaç çorbası, lahana sarması, bayram kömbesi, içli köfte and mahluta çorbası are among the meals of Osmaniye cousine.