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Sivas İngilizce Tanıtımı (Kısa)


Sivas İngilizce Tanıtımı (Kısa)

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SIVAS

Sivas is a big city located in the east of Central Anatolia, where the historical Silk Road routes in Anatolia intersect and the famous King’s Road passes. Sivas offers interesting holiday opportunities to tourists with its historical richness, natural beauty and hot springs.

Surface Area: 28,488 km²

Population: 646.608

Districts: Akıncılar, Altınyayla, Divrigi, Doganşar, Gemerek, Golova, Gurun, Hafik, Imranlı, Kangal, Koyulhisar, Susehri, Sarkıs, Ulas, Yıldızeli and Zara.

HISTORY

According to written sources, it became an important settlement in the Hittites Period in the beginning of 2000 BC. Later, Phrygian, Lydian, Assyrian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Danişment, Ilkhanid, Eretna and Ottoman lived under their domination. Although the excavations at Topraktepe Höyük point to the Hittite settlements in the region, nothing is known about the history of Sivas towards the end of the 3rd century before it emerged as the city of the capital of Armenia under the rule of the Roman Emperor Diocletian. He served as the capital until the Turks settled in the region in the late 11th century. The Turkmen Dervish principality captured Sivas in 1080-90. It became the capital of the principality until it was conquered by the Seljuks in 1172. During the Seljuk period, Sivas reached the peaks of the welfare level. When the important cities of Anatolia were looted by Timur in 1400, Sivas was said to have more than 150,000 inhabitants.

Although it had never regained its former well-being, Sivas was an important state capital during the Ottoman Empire. Sivas became the city where the second national congress was held with the call of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk on September 4, 1919. This congress, along with the European occupation forces, the Ottoman Empire also ended and led to the establishment of the republic. Sivas houses some of the most beautiful ruins of the 13th century Seljuk architecture.

PLACES TO VISIT

Double Minaret Madrasa: The madrasa located in the city center of Sivas is a historical building that was built in 1271 and has survived to the present day. According to the inscription on the crown door, it was built by the Ilkhanid  Vizier Şemseddin Cüveyni in 1271. The madrasah attracts attention with its ornamented crown gate and two minarets with brick-tile weave.

Buruciye (Şifaiye) Madrasah: It was built by Hibetullah Burucerdioğlu Muzaffer Bey at the time of Anatolian Seljuk Sultan III.  Gıyasettin Keyhüsrev in  1271.  It was made for the studies of science and it is one of the best examples of Seljuk stone carving of the period. During your trip, definitely visit Şifaiye madrasah, which is an old medical school and also used as a hospital.

Sivas Congress Museum: The building, which was used as the “National Struggle” between September 2 and December 18, 1919, by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and its Representative Office, has a very important and exceptional place in our Republic history.

Gök Madrasah: Gök Madrasah was built by the Vizier Sahip Ata Faahreddin Ali in 1271, during the reign of Gıyasettin Keyhüsrev, the son of Kılıçarslan. It is one of the important structures where Turkish architecture and decoration are together.

Its name is referred to as the Sky madrasah, but it was also named as Sahibiye madrasah. It is an important work in art. Evliya Çelebi has said about the madrasa: “It is not possible to make a replica of this work, its equivalent has not been found.”

Sivas Curve Bridge:  It is stated in the written sources that it belongs to the Seljuk period. It constitutes eighteen eyes and the arches are pointed these eyes. The bridge, which is 179.60 m in length and 4.55 m in width, is still closed to vehicle traffic, open to pedestrian traffic and in good condition.

TOURISM

The city of Sivas stands out with its historical monuments, natural beauties, spas and ski tourism in terms of tourism.

Kangal Balıklı Thermal Spring: It is 96 kilometers from Sivas and 13 kilometers from Kangal . It provides healing of skin diseases such as burns, pimples, wounds, eczema, psoriasis of the people who enter the fish in pools where thousands of fish, the biggest of which is 10 cm in size, are located. Kangal fish spa, which is good for many ailments with its healing waters, is also good for skin diseases. Spa is preferred especially in the treatment of psoriasis.

Gurun Gokpınar Lake: Gurun Sailing Village and the Black Lake is located within the village boundaries Gokpınar, and Gokpınar Valley is considered one of Turkey’s natural beauty. This lake is one of the rare lakes that has been preserved from pollution until today.

Gurun Sugul Valley: Sugul Valley is an important natural attraction worth seeing in Gurun.

With recent roadworks, the walkway at the entrance of the canyon has been extended into the canyon.

 

Zara Tödürge Lake: Tödürge Lake is a naturally formed lake that exists in Sivas. The lake is between Hafik and Zara districts. Many birds , to come to this lake to fish. There is a legend about the formation of the lake.

Tödürge, which will appear after 50 kilometers of Erzurum – Sivas highway, is especially enjoyable with water sports organized by the University of Sivas. In addition, the festival is organized every year by attending the public.

Yıldız Mountain: Yıldız Mountain, located in the north of Sivas, is at an altitude of 2 thousand 552 meters and consists of gabbro type rocks. Endemic plants on the upper parts of the mountain, which is 58 km away from the city center, and the presence of large forests especially on the western skirts are remarkable. Yıldız Mountain, which is covered with snow from mid-November to the end of March, stands out with its solid ground structure and snow quality, has features that can serve nature and geotourism as well as winter tourism. Ancient and aesthetic looking travertine formations, waterfalls and streams in the region are important natural assets.

TRANSPORTATION

Highway: Bus Terminal is located in the city center and accessible by minibus and city buses.

Railway: Train Station is located in the city center and accessible by minibus and city buses.

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