Kategori ─░ngilizce Dersleri

─░ngilizce zamanlar T├╝rk├že zamanlardan farkl─▒d─▒r. ├ľrne─čin ge├žmi┼č zaman olaylar─▒n gidi┼čine ve sonu├žlar─▒na g├Âre ─░ngilizce’de birden ├žok ┼čekilde belirtilebilir. Bu yaz─▒da hepsini ├Ârnekleriyle birlikte i┼čleyece─čiz.

T├╝rkiyeÔÇÖnin En ─░yi Online ─░ngilizce E─čitim Sistemi Konu┼čarak ├ľ─črenÔÇÖden ├ťcretsiz Konu┼čma Dersi Almak ─░├žin T─▒klay─▒n !

Konu┼čarak ├ľ─čren'i ├ťcretsiz Deneyin

Simple Tenses (Basit Zamanlar)

Simple Present (Geni┼č Zaman)

Positive Form:┬á┬á I, we, you, they (veya ├žo─čul ├Âzneler) + fill (yal─▒n)

├ľrnek:

– I drink water.
– We eat meal.

He, she, it (veya tekil ├Âzneler) + ┬áfiil (s) harfi gelir.

 

├ľrnek:

– He drinks water.
– She eats meal.

 

Negative Form: I, we, you, they (veya ├žo─čul ├Âzneler) + do not (donÔÇÖt) + fill (yal─▒n hali).

 

├ľrnek:

– I do not (donÔÇÖt) drink water.
– They do not/(donÔÇÖt) eat meal.

He, she, it (veya tekil ├Âzneler) + does not (doesnÔÇÖt) + fill(yal─▒n hali)

 

├ľrnek:

– He does not(doesnÔÇÖt) drink water.
– She does not(doesnÔÇÖt) eat meal.

 

Question Form: Do + I, we, you, they (veya ├žo─čul ├Âzneler) + fill(yal─▒n hali)?

 

├ľrnek:
– Do you drink water?
– Do they eat meal?

Does +┬áhe,she,it (veya tekil ├Âzneler) + fill(yal─▒n hali)?

 

├ľrnek:

– Does it drink?
– Does he eat meal?

 

Simple Present Tense geni┼č zaman manas─▒na gelir, yani temel olarak genelde ger├žekle┼čen olaylar─▒ anlatmak i├žin kullan─▒l─▒r. Hi├žbir zaman yap─▒lmayan olaylar─▒ da anlatmak i├žin kullan─▒labilir. Ama ├Âzellikle nerelerde kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒na g├Âz at─▒cak olursak:

 

  1. G├╝nl├╝k rutin i┼člerde/D├╝zenli aktivitelerde:

– I watch football match every weekend.
– She washes the dishes everyday.

 

  1. Genel de─čerlendirmede/Kal─▒c─▒ durumlarda:

– She lives in New York.
– They go to Antalya every summer.

 

  1. Bilimsel Ger├žekler/Genel Do─črularda:

– Water boils at 100o C.
– Hazelnut grows in Black Sea region.

 

  1. Masal ve Hikaye anlat─▒mlar─▒nda:

– Princess lives in big castle.
– The boy goes market and buys chocolate for himself.

 

Geni┼č zamanda kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒:

  • Never (hi├žbir zaman)
  • Rarely-Seldom (nadiren)
  • Sometimes (bazen)
  • Usually (genellikle)
  • Often-Frequently (s─▒k s─▒k)
  • Always (her zaman)

 

Bu zaman zarflar─▒ genelde ├Âzne ile y├╝klem aras─▒nda kullan─▒l─▒r.

 

├ľrnek:

– I never eat chicken.
– I sometimes go to beach.
– I always play computer games.

Bir de bu zaman zarflar─▒na ek olarak kullan─▒lanlar─▒ da vard─▒r. Bunlar:

 

Every day/week/month
Once/Twice/Three times a day/week/month

Daily/annually/weekly┬ágibi ├Ârneklerdir.

 

Simple Past (Ge├žmi┼č zaman)

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + d├╝zenli fiil (-ed eki al─▒r)┬ád├╝zensiz fiil de─či┼čime u─črar. (ikinci hali- V2 kullan─▒l─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

– I watched tv last night.
– He saw a lion in the zoo.

─░lk c├╝mlede kullan─▒lan ÔÇťwatchÔÇŁ fiili d├╝zenli fiil oldu─čundan ÔÇôed eki alarak ge├žmi┼č formu olu┼čturmu┼č.

 

─░kinci c├╝mlede ise ÔÇťsawÔÇŁ fiili ÔÇťseeÔÇŁ fiilinin ikinci halidir. Yani g├Ârmek anlam─▒na gelen ÔÇťseeÔÇŁ fiili d├╝zensiz fiil grubuna girdi─či i├žin b├Âyle bir de─či┼čime u─čruyor.

 

Peki hangisi d├╝zenli hangisi d├╝zensiz ayr─▒m─▒ nas─▒l yap─▒caz? ├ç├Âz├╝m: D├╝zensiz fiilleri ve de─či┼čimlerini ezberlemek. Geri kalanlar zaten d├╝zenli oldu─ču i├žin onlara ÔÇôed eki gelecek.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + did not (didnÔÇÖt) + fiil (normal hali – d├╝zenli veya d├╝zensiz fark etmez)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I didnÔÇÖt watch tv last night.
  • He did not see a lion in the zoo.

 

Question Form:

Did + I, he, she, it, we, you, they + fiil (normal hali, d├╝zenli veya d├╝zensiz fark etmez) ?

 

├ľrnek:

  • Did you watch tv last night?
  • Did he see a lion in the zoo?

 

En ├žok kullan─▒lan d├╝zensiz fiillerin bir b├Âl├╝m├╝ ve ikinci halleri:

  • do (yapmak) ÔÇö did
  • eat (yemek) ÔÇö ate
  • feel (hissetmek) ÔÇö felt
  • find (bulmak) ÔÇö found
  • get (almak) ÔÇö got
  • give (vermek) ÔÇö gave
  • go (gitmek) ÔÇö went
  • have (sahip olmak) ÔÇö had
  • hear (duymak) ÔÇö heard
  • know (bilmek) ÔÇö knew
  • leave (ayr─▒lmak) ÔÇö left
  • make (yapmak) ÔÇö made
  • read (okumak) ÔÇô- read
  • say (s├Âylemek) ÔÇö said
  • see (g├Ârmek) ÔÇö saw
  • take (almak) ÔÇö took
  • tell (anlatmak) ÔÇö told
  • think (d├╝┼č├╝nmek) ÔÇö thought
  • write (yazmak) ÔÇö wrote

 

─░ngilizcede ge├žmi┼č zaman─▒n kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Ge├žmi┼čte bitmi┼č olaylar i├žin / Ge├žmi┼čte belli bir zamanda bitmi┼č (Zaman─▒ belirtilen olaylar):

  • He went to Fenerbahce match yesterday.

 

2) Birbiri ard─▒na ger├žekle┼čen olaylar i├žin:

  • He came home, sat on sofa and turned on the TV.

 

3) Ge├žmi┼čteki al─▒┼čkanl─▒klar─▒m─▒zdan bahsederken:

  • He wore a brace on his teeth as a boy.

 

Ge├žmi┼č zamanda kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒n─▒n baz─▒lar─▒;

  • Yesterday
  • Two days/weeks/monthsÔÇŽ.ago
  • Last night/week/month/yearÔÇŽ
  • In 1960
  • In the the 1960s
  • At that time, at the time
  • Between 1960 and 1990
  • In the past
  • From 1990 to 2000
  • During the 1960s

 

Simple Future (Gelecek zaman)

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + will (yardımcı fiil) + fiil

 

├ľrnek:

  • I will eat my meal later.
  • She will do her homework tomorrow.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + will not (wonÔÇÖt) + fiil

 

├ľrnek:

  • I will not (wonÔÇÖt) eat my meal later.
  • She will not (wonÔÇÖt) do her homework tomorrow.

 

Question Form:

Will + I, he, she, it, we, you, they + fiil?

 

├ľrnek:

  • Will you eat your meal later?
  • Will she do her homework tomorrow?

┼×imdi ise ─░ngilizcede gelecek zaman yap─▒s─▒n─▒n nerelerde kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒na bakal─▒m:

 

1) Tahmin, beklenti, umut,vaat:

  • In 2030, population of Turkey will be doubled.
  • I hope she will pass exams.
  • I promise you will get more salary when I am elected.

 

2) Konu┼čma an─▒nda ani karar verirken-planlanmam─▒┼č durumlarda:

  • Today is motherÔÇÖs day.
  • Really? I will call mum immediately.
  • Then maybe I will get a flower for her.

 

3) Gelece─če dair ger├žeklerde:

  • I will be 27 next year.

 

4) G├Ân├╝ll├╝k i├žeren durumlar i├žin:

  • I will do his homework.
  • She will help you to paint gladly.

 

Gelecek zamanda kullan─▒lan baz─▒ zaman zarflar─▒;

  • Tomorrow, tomorrow morning, etc.
  • Two weeks/months/years later
  • In 2050
  • Soon
  • In the following week/month/year
  • Next day/week/year
  • before long
  • in/withing two weeks etc.

Progressive-Continous Tenses(S├╝rmekte-Devam etmekte olan zamanlar)

Present Continous Tense (┼×imdiki Zaman)

Positive Form:

I + am

He, She, It + is + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

We, You, They + are

 

├ľrnek:

  • I am doing my homework.
  • He is watching a movie right now.

 

Negative Form:

I + am + not + fill (ing eki al─▒r)
He, She, It + is not (isnÔÇÖt)┬á+ fill (ing eki al─▒r)
We, You, They + are (arenÔÇÖt) + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:┬á

  • I am not doing my homework.
  • He is not (isnÔÇÖt) watching a movie right now.

 

Question form:

Am + I + fill (ing eki al─▒r)
Is + he, she, it + fill (ing eki alır)
Are + we, you, they + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • Are you doing you homework?
  • Is he watching a movie right now?

┼×imdiki zaman hangi durumlarda kullan─▒l─▒yormu┼č inceleyelim:

 

1) ┼×u an ger├žekle┼čen olaylar i├žin:

  • Julia is sleeping at the moment.

Burada ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒ ┼čunlard─▒r;

Now, at the moment, currently

 

2) Ge├žici durumlarda:

  • I am staying with a friend for a few days.

Burada ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒ ┼čunlard─▒r;

At the moment, these days, for a few days

 

3) Rahats─▒z edici al─▒┼čkanl─▒klarda:

  • You are always losing your keys!

Burada ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒ ┼čunlard─▒r;

Always, constantly, forever

 

4) Kesin-yak─▒n planlarda:

  • I am going concert tonight.

Burada ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒ ┼čunlard─▒r;

Tonight, later, this weekend

 

Past Continous Tense

Positive Form:

I, He, She, It + was + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

We, You, They + were + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I was doing my homework.
  • They were watching a movie right now.

 

Negative Form:

I, He, She, It + was not (wasnÔÇÖt) + fill (ing eki al─▒r)
We, You, They + were (werenÔÇÖt) + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I was not doing my homework.
  • They were not (wasnÔÇÖt) watching a movie.

 

Question form:

Was + I, he, she, it + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

Were + we, you, they + fill (ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • Were you doing you homework?
  • Was he watching a movie?

Ge├žmi┼č zaman─▒n bu yap─▒s─▒ yap─▒yordum/ediyordum diye T├╝rk├žeye ├ževrilir. Normal ge├žmi┼č zamandaki zaman zarflar─▒n─▒n hepsi kullan─▒labilir. Biz de ┼čimdi bu zaman─▒n ├Âzellikle ne gibi durumlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒n─▒ inceleyelim:

 

1) Ge├žmi┼čte belirli bir zamanda geli┼čmekte/devam etmekte olan olaylar i├žin:

  • Everybody was sleeping last night.
  • I was trying to finalise my Project yesterday.

 

2) Ge├žmi┼čte b├Âl├╝nm├╝┼č olaylar i├žin:

  • When the bomb exploded, tourist were visiting the museum.
  • The electricity went out as we were watching the match.

 

3) Ge├žmi┼čte ayn─▒ anda yap─▒lm─▒┼č/yap─▒lan olaylar i├žin:

  • While I was cooking, my son was watching me.
  • They were having dinner while I was taking shower.

 

4) Giderek geli┼čen ve de─či┼čen durumlar i├žin(a┼čama a┼čama ger├žekle┼čti─čini g├Âsteren yap─▒larda):

  • Her health was getting better day by day.

Burada ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman zarflar─▒ ┼čunlard─▒r;

Day by day, gradually, more and more

 

Future progressive Tense

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + will + be fill ( -ing eki gelecek)

 

├ľrnek:

  • This time tomorrow I will be traveling to London.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they + will not (wonÔÇÖt) + be fill ( -ing eki gelecek)

 

├ľrnek:

  • This time tomorrow I will not (wonÔÇÖt) be traveling to London.

 

Question Form:

WilI + he, she, it, we, you, they   + be fill (-ing eki gelecek)?

 

├ľrnek:

  • Will you be traveling to London this time tomorrow?

Future progressive tenseÔÇÖin kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Gelecekte belirli bir zamanda s├╝rmekte olan bir olay i├žin:

  • At this time next year, we will be living in Spain.

 

2) Daha ├Ânceden planlanm─▒┼č gelecek olaylar i├žin:

  • For my brotherÔÇÖs wedding, I will be wearing this suit.

Bu zamanda ├Âzellikle kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri;

 

This time tomorrow / at this time next year gibi zaman belirte├žleridir. Gelecek zaman i├žin kullan─▒lan di─čer zaman zarflar─▒da tabi ki de bu konuda kullan─▒labilir.

Perfect Tenses(O kadar da m├╝kemmel olmayan zamanlar

Present Perfect Tense

Positive Form:

I, we, you, they┬á┬á + have + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

He, she, it + has + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I have bought this house.
  • She has seen this subject before.

 

Negative Form:

I, we, you, they┬á┬á + have not (havenÔÇÖt) + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)
(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

He, she, it + has not (hasnÔÇÖt) + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)
(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I have not (havenÔÇÖt) bought this house.
  • She has not (hasnÔÇÖt) seen this subject before.

 

Question Form:

Have + I, we, you, they┬á┬á + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali) ?
(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

Has + He, she, it + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali) ?
(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • Have you bought this house?
  • Has she seen this subject before?

Present PerfectÔÇÖin kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Ge├žmi┼čte zaman─▒ belli olmayan durumlar i├žin:

  • I have been in Istanbul twice.
  • She has finished her homework.

 

2) ┼×u an─▒ etkileyen durumlar i├žin:

  • I have lived in Ankara for 5 years now.
  • Since 1990, they have produced a lot of new devices.

 

3) Tekrar eden durumlar i├žin(ge├žmi┼č zamanda):

  • Have called you so many times.

 

4) Tecr├╝be, daha ├Ânce ya┼čanm─▒┼čl─▒k durumlar─▒ i├žin:

  • Have you ever eaten Chinese food?
  • I have never been abroad.

 

Past Participle yani fiilin 3. hallerini g├Âsteren tablomuz (tabi k├╝├ž├╝k bir k─▒sm─▒n─▒). Bunlar d├╝zensiz fiilerdi. D├╝zenli fiilerin ise 3. hali olmad─▒─č─▒ndan onlara sadece ÔÇôed eklenmesi yeter. Buradaki V3 durumundaki fiilleri di─čer zamanlarda fiilin 3. hali istendi─činde kullanabilirsiniz.

 

Verb, Past Simple(V2), Past Participle (V3)

  • do (yapmak), did, done
  • eat (yemek), ate, eaten
  • feel (hissetmek), felt, felt
  • find (bulmak), found, found
  • get (almak), got, got
  • give (vermek), gave, given
  • go (gitmek), went, gone
  • have (sahip olmak), had, had
  • hear (duymak), heard, heard
  • know (bilmek), knew, known
  • leave (ayr─▒lmak), left, left
  • make (yapmak), made, made
  • read (okumak), read, read
  • say (s├Âylemek), said, said
  • see (g├Ârmek), saw, seen
  • take (almak), took, taken
  • tell (anlatmak), told, told
  • think (d├╝┼č├╝nmek), thought, thought
  • write (yazmak), wrote, written

 

┼×imdi ise Present Perfect konusunda ne t├╝r zaman belirte├žleri kullan─▒l─▒yor inceleyelim;

 

  • Since + period of time
  • For + period of time
  • For ÔÇŽ. now
  • So far
  • Up to now
  • To date
  • Ever, never
  • Yet (olumsuz ÔÇô soru)
  • Already
  • Just
  • Recently
  • Lately

 

Past Perfect Tense

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they + had + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • When he arrived to home, everybody had already eaten the dinner.

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they + had not (hadnÔÇÖt) + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • When he arrived to home, everybody had not (hadnÔÇÖt) already eaten the dinner.

 

Question Form:

Had + I, he, she, it we, you, they┬á┬á + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali) ?

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • Had everybody already eaten the dinner, when he arrived to home?

Past perfect TenseÔÇÖ in kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Ge├žmi┼čte ya┼čanm─▒┼č / ger├žekle┼čmi┼č iki olaydan ├Ânceki olan─▒ belirtirken:

  • By the time they arrived, we had already had our meal.
  • The train had left before we arrived at the station.

 

2) Ger├žek d─▒┼č─▒ durumlarda / Ke┼čke:

  • My father took us to the cinema last night. I wish he had taken us to the match instead.

 

3) ÔÇôm─▒┼č gibi / sanki durumlar─▒nda:

  • He acts as if he hadnÔÇÖt killed the man, but he is the murderer.

 

├ľzellikle Past Perfect TenseÔÇÖde kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri ;

  • Before
  • After
  • By the time + past time
  • As soon as
  • Once
  • By + past time (year, day etc.)
  • Prior to

 

Future Perfect Tense

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they + will have + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I will already have eaten when they arrive.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they┬á┬á + will not (wonÔÇÖt) have + V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali)

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I will not (wonÔÇÖt) already have eaten when they arrive.

 

Question Form:

Will + I, he, she, it we, you, they┬á┬á + have V3 (d├╝zensiz fiilin ├╝├ž├╝nc├╝ hali) ?

(Ya da d├╝zenli fiilin sonuna ÔÇôed eki getirilir)

 

├ľrnek:

  • Will you have already eaten when they arrive?

Future PerfectÔÇÖin kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Gelecekte belli bir zamandan ├Ânce bitmi┼č eylemlerden bahsederken:

  • By Friday, I will have finished my Project.
  • In two weeks, the lessons will have started.

 

Kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri;

By + future time (year,day,week etc.)
In + future time (year,day,week etc.)

  • Tomorrow
  • By then
  • Next year
  • The end of this year

Di─čer gelecek zaman belirte├žleri de kullan─▒labilir.

─░ngilizce Zamanlar Tablosu

present

past

future

 

─░ngilizce zamanlar konusunda hemen kendini s─▒namaya ne dersin? Hadi ┼čimdi a┼ča─č─▒daki quizimizi ├ž├Âz ve ─░ngilizce zamanlar konusuna ne kadar hakim oldu─čunu g├Âr!

 

Ba┼člatmak i├žin “Start The Quiz” butonuna basman yeterli.

 

 

Perfect Continous Tenses

Present Perfect Continous Tense

Positive Form:

I, we, you, they + have been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

He, she, it + has been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I have been living in Ankara for 10 years
  • That shop has been making the best cakes since 1980

 

Negative Form:

I, we, you, they + have not (havenÔÇÖt) been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)
He, she, it + has not (hasnÔÇÖt) been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • I have not (havenÔÇÖt) been living in Ankara for 10 years
  • That shop has not (hasnÔÇÖt) been making the best cakes since 1980

 

Question Form:

Have + I, we, you, they + been fiil (-ing eki al─▒r) ?
Has + He, she, it + been fiil (-ing eki al─▒r) ?

 

├ľrnek:

  • Have you been living in Ankara for 10 years?
  • Has that shop been making the best cakes since 1980?

Present Perfect ContinousÔÇÖun kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Ge├žmi┼čte ba┼člam─▒┼č hala devam eden durumlar i├žin:

  • I have been learning English for five months.
  • They have been watching TV since 6 oÔÇÖclock.

 

2) Yeni biten olay─▒n etkisi hala g├Âr├╝n├╝yorsa:

  • She looks exhausted. She has been working all day.
  • Your eyes are red. Have you been playing computer?

 

Bu konuda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri Present Perfect konusunda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleriyle ayn─▒. Yani;

 

  • Since + period of time
  • For + period of time
  • For ÔÇŽ. now
  • So far
  • Up to now
  • To date
  • Ever, never
  • Yet (olumsuz ÔÇô soru)
  • Already
  • Just
  • Recently
  • Lately

Past Perfect Continous Tense

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they + had been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • By the time I got home, he had been sleeping for an hour.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they + had not (hadnÔÇÖt) been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • By the time I got home, he had not (hadnÔÇÖt) been sleeping for an hour.

 

Question Form:

Had + I, he, she, it we, you, they + been fiil (-ing eki al─▒r) ?

 

├ľrnek:

  • Had he been sleeping for an hour by the time you got home?

Past Perfect ContinousÔÇÖun kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Di─čer bir ge├žmi┼čteki olaya / olay─▒n ba┼člang─▒c─▒na kadar devam eden s├╝re├ž i├žin (iki ge├žmi┼č olay aras─▒nda):

  • When she came, I had been waiting for half an hour.

 

2) Olay─▒n ge├žmi┼čte hen├╝z bitmi┼č olup etkisinin g├Âr├╝lmesi:

  • She was very tired. She had been working all day.

 

Bu konuda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri Past Perfect konusunda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleriyle ayn─▒. Yani;

 

  • Before
  • Prior to
  • After
  • By + past time (year, day etc.)
  • By the time + past time
  • Once
  • As soon as
  • For
  • Since

 

Future Perfect Continous Tense

Positive Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they   + will have been + fiil (-ing eki alır)

 

├ľrnek:

  • In 2020, I will have been working for this company for 20 years.

 

Negative Form:

I, he, she, it we, you, they┬á┬á + will not (wonÔÇÖt) have been + fiil (-ing eki al─▒r)

 

├ľrnek:

  • In 2020, I will not (wonÔÇÖt) have been working for this company for 20 years.

 

Question Form:

Will + I, he, she, it we, you, they   + have been fiil (-ing eki alır) ?

 

├ľrnek:

  • In 2020, will you have been working for this company for 20 years?

Future Perfect ContinousÔÇÖun kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ yerler:

 

1) Gelecekte bir i┼či ne kadar s├╝redir yap─▒yor oldu─čumuzu anlatmak i├žin:

  • In October, he┬áwill have been working┬áhere for a year.

 

Bu konuda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleri Future Perfect konusunda kullan─▒lan zaman belirte├žleriyle ayn─▒. Yani;

  • By the end of the night, he┬áwill have been performing┬áfor 5 hours.

 

  • By + future time (year,day,week etc.)
  • In + future time (year,day,week etc.)
  • Tomorrow
  • By then
  • Next year
  • The end of this year

 

Di─čer gelecek zaman zarflar─▒ da kullan─▒labilir.

─░ngilizce Zaman Uyumu

─░ngilizce zaman uyumu birbirini takip eden veya bir c├╝mlede kullan─▒lan birka├ž fiilini birbiri ile uyumudur. Birle┼čik c├╝mlelerde fiiller zaman bak─▒m─▒ndan birbiri ile uyumlu olmazsa c├╝mle d├╝┼č├╝k olur ve istenen anlam─▒ vermez. Ana c├╝mlenin zaman─▒ ne ise yan c├╝mlenin zaman─▒ da ana c├╝mle ile uyumlu olmal─▒d─▒r.

 

Temel olarak t├╝m zaman ├žekimleri ile ilgili ├Ârnekleri a┼ča─č─▒da g├Ârebilirsiniz, bu ├žekimleri birbirinden kar─▒┼čt─▒rmamak ad─▒na a├ž─▒klamalar─▒ iyi okuyup, ├Ârneklerin ├╝zerinden ge├žebilirsiniz.

 

Be fiilinin kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒ isim c├╝mlelerinde am/is/are ─▒n past─▒ was ve were d├╝r.

 

Ana c├╝mlenin zaman─▒ present ise yan c├╝mle present veya past olmal─▒d─▒r.

 

Fiil c├╝mlelerinde yine ana c├╝mle zaman─▒ present ise yan c├╝mle present veya past olmal─▒d─▒r.

─░ngilizce zamanlar

Present tense ┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á ┼čimdiki zaman ┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á V1

Past tense ┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á ge├žmi┼č zaman ┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á V2

Futur tense              gelecek zaman         Will + V1

Perfect tense ┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á┬á tamamlanm─▒┼č zaman V3

Continuous tense     süregelen zaman     V + ing

Tense uyumunda temel ve yan c├╝mlecik zamanlar─▒

Temel Cümlecik       Yan Cümlecik

Simple present        simple present

Future present         simple present

present perfect

present continuous

Future perfect          simple present

Simple past              simple past

past continuous

past perfect

Past continuous       simple past

Past perfect             simple past

Past perfect cont.    simple past

Present + present zaman uyumu

I know you have a lot of money: ├çok paran oldu─čunu biliyorum

You donÔÇÖt know where we live: Nerde ya┼čad─▒─č─▒m─▒z─▒ bilmiyorsun

Present + past zaman uyumu

I think that you were tired last night: Ge├žen gece yorgun oldu─čunu d├╝┼č├╝n├╝yorum

She doesnÔÇÖt know where we went yesterday: O d├╝n nereye gitti─čimizi bilmiyor

Past + past zaman uyumu

You didnÔÇÖt know where we went: Nereye gitti─čimizi bilmiyordun

He knew I had a lot of Money: ├çok param oldu─čunu biliyordu

I started to read as soonas I received the mail: Maili al─▒r almaz okumaya ba┼člad─▒m

Tense uyumunda ba─čla├žlar

Ba─čla├žlar her zaman iki tam c├╝mleyi birbirine ba─člar.

Ba─čla├žlar─▒n tamam─▒nda ayn─▒ anda iki perfect tense yer almaz.

Only c├╝mle ba┼č─▒nda kullan─▒l─▒rsa ana c├╝mle devriktir.

 

Ayr─▒ca A.M. P.M. Fark─▒ Nelerdir? yaz─▒m─▒z da ilginizi ├žekebilir.

G├╝ncel ─░├žeriklerimiz
9 Yorum G├Âsteriliyor
  • Mert
    Cevapla

    te┼č┼ček├╝r ederim ├žok iyi olmu┼č

  • Mehmet Y─▒lmaz
    Cevapla

    ─░ngilizce zamanlar konusu ger├žekten en zorland─▒─č─▒m konulardan biriydi. Ancak ─░ngilizce zamanlar yaz─▒n─▒z ├žok i┼čime yarad─▒. Te┼čekk├╝r ederim Konu┼čarak ├ľ─čren ­čÖé

  • Can Y─▒lmaz
    Cevapla

    ├çok i┼čime yarad─▒. Te┼čekk├╝r ederim.

  • Mehmet
    Cevapla

    ├çok iyi olmu┼č elinize sa─čl─▒k . Fakat verilen ├Ârneklerde T├╝rk├že hi├ž kullan─▒lmad─▒─č─▒ i├žin anlamakta g├╝├žl├╝k ├žektim.

  • Atife
    Cevapla

    Bazi yerlerde k├╝├ž├╝k hatalar vard─▒, ama genel olarak iyiydi te┼čekk├╝rederim

  • hua
    Cevapla

    harika olmu┼č ellerinize sa─čl─▒k.

  • Ahmet Hakan
    Cevapla

    Past Perfect Continous Tense’de kafam kar─▒┼č─▒yordu. Bu makale ├žok yard─▒mc─▒ oldu. Ellerinize sa─čl─▒k..

  • Rahmi
    Cevapla

    Ger├žekten ├žok faydal─▒ ├žok yararl─▒ b├Âle hepsini bir arada bulmak ├žok zor. Te┼čekk├╝rler.

  • Bar─▒┼č
    Cevapla

    Harika bir yaz─▒. Te┼čekk├╝rler

hua i├žin bir cevap yaz─▒n Cevab─▒ iptal et

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

L├╝tfen Ne Arad─▒─č─▒n─▒z─▒ Yaz─▒n ve "Enter" tu┼čuna bas─▒n.