It is located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, famous for its watermelon and castle.
Surface Area: 15.355 km 2
Districts: Bağlar, Bismil , Çermik, Çınar, Çüngüş, Dicle, Eğil, Ergani, Hani, Hazro, Kayapınar, Kocaköy, Kulp, Lice, Silvan, Sur, Yenişehir.
What to Eat: Diyarbakır, known for its huge watermelon, is also rich in food culture. Lung kebab, known as cartlak kebab, which is sold at stalls late in the evening, is among its traditional dishes.
Kibebumbar, one of the heaviest dishes of Diyarbakır, is cooked with a mixture of tripe and intestines’ meat, rice, mint, pepper and salt. In addition to these, stuffed meatballs, çiğköfte, bulgur pilaf, ribs, Keşkek, Kibukudur, lebeni, burma kadayıf and Nuriye dessert are famous. Pestil and sausage made from grapes, herbed cheese, knitted cheese and sumac are other famous foods..
What to Buy: Handicrafts, wicker bracelets, slot choker, silver embroidered patten and drawers are the favourite products of jewelers. Hand woven carpets and rugs are produced in villages.
History: While the history of Diyarbakır was known to date back to 3000 BC, it has been determined that the history of civilization dates back to 7,500 BC as a result of researches conducted with the Çayönü excavations. Hurriler, Mitanni, Hittites, Assyrians, Meds, Persians, Alexander the Great, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Seljuks and Ottomans reigned in and around Diyarbakır.
The oldest name in the Diyarbakır region is mentioned as the Amid in the Assyrian sources. The name Diyarbekir emerged from a tribe that emigrated from Arabia. The Bekr Tribe from Arabia settled around Tigris. The region was named Diyar-ı Bekr, which means “Land of the Bekr”. Over time, this name began to be said as Diyarbekir. It was changed to Diyarbakır in 1937 by the decision of the Council of Ministers. Today, Diyarbakır is described as the Paris of the East.
Places to visit:
Diyarbakir City Walls
Diyarbakır City Walls, which are considered as the largest historical structure after the Great Wall of the World, are among the first historical places that come to mind when Diyarbakır is mentioned. The motifs of the Ottoman, Seljuk and Roman civilizations appear and become the meeting point of a cultural synthesis. Diyarbakır Walls, which are popular with local and foreign tourists at all times of the year, is one of the historical places of Diyarbakır that will be written among the places to visit in Diyarbakır.
Tigris ( Dicle ) River
The Tigris River, which added charm to these lands with its unique beauty with a length of 1900 kilometers, brought abundance to Mesopotamia with the Euphrates River. 523 kilometers of the Tigris River remains within the borders of Turkey. The Tigris River, which is an example of the natural beauty of Diyarbakır, is worth seeing.
The bridge, which has survived since 1065, is a work belonging to the history of Diyarbakır, which belongs to the period of Mervani. The bridge, which has undergone very small restoration works, sheds light from the past to the present, preserving its original. There is an inscription in the bridge and it was built in 10 eyes.
Hasan Pasha Inn
The inn, which has the characteristics of the 16th century Ottoman architecture, reveals the importance the Ottoman gives to the city. The building, which stands in all its glory, is among the important sightseeing spots of Diyarbakır.
Birkleyn Cave, located within the borders of Lice district, is known as the place where the dead entered the underworld in ancient times. Birkleyn Cave, where there are king reliefs belonging to the Assyrian civilization, is an exciting place with its mystical atmosphere. Birkleyn Cave, which holds an important place among the historical places of Diyarbakır.
The castle, located in Eğil district, is a historical value building belonging to the Assyrian period. In the lower part of the Assyrian Castle, rainwater accumulation areas and bunkers were built under the conditions of that day. In addition, it is in a strategic situation with the possibility to watch its surroundings due to its location. Assyrian Castle, where you will see the traces of history, can be included in the lists of places to visit in Diyarbakır.
Parli Safa Mosque
Parlı Safa Mosque, located in Sur district of Diyarbakır, was built during the period of Akkoyunlular and has been preserved until today. There are many points of interest of the mosque, where fine motifs and enormous motifs are embroidered. Parlı Safa Mosque is a place you can visit at any time of the year.
The Deliller Inn, built by Hüsrev Pasha in 1527, stands out as a magnificent cultural stop with its historical past of nearly 500 years. The inn, which was found to be built with care, can be written among the places to visit in Diyarbakır.
These enormous natural areas, which are on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list from locations such as Cappadocia, Mount Nemrut, Troy Ancient City, Letoon Ancient City, Hattuşaş Ancient City, Pamukkale and Cumalıkızık Village, present an unusual Diyarbakır’s nature with its greenness becoming full of the region’s climate . You should put Hevsel Gardens, which is among the most visited places in Diyarbakır, in the top places of Diyarbakır’s places to visit.
It is a historical bridge over Batman Creek near Silvan. It was built in 1147 by Artukoğulları Tîmûrtaş bin İlgâzi. It is 220 m long and 7 meters wide. The width of the arches is 38.60 m, and the arch is the widest of the stone arched bridges in the world. It has two crossing gates and two islands. During the Republic Period, it was undergoed two repairs and lost the great feature of the first construction.
Mar Petyun Kaledani Church
This 4th century building is still used by the Syriacs in the region. Kaledani Church, which is one of the important stops in faith tourism in the history of Diyarbakır, attracts great attention especially from the guests coming from abroad.
Highway: You can go to Diyarbakır from almost anywhere in Turkey by road. The bus station is in the city center. Passengers are transported by city minibuses.
By Air: There are regular flights to Diyarbakir from Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir every day ; Antalya, Adana and Bursa on certain days of the week. Civil and military airport of Diyarbakır is 6 km away from the city center.
Railway: There is a train station called Diyarbakır Train Station. Fırat Express , which travels from Adana to Elazig, stops at Diyarbakır Train Station . On the basis of regional trains, there are Diyarbakır-Batman, Diyarbakır-Kurtalan and Diyarbakır-Adana routes.